Georgia Quilt Block

From our Free Quilt Block Pattern Library

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The Georgia quilt block is a peach of a block to make—all you need are cut squares and a handful of half square triangle units per block.

In this tutorial you'll find:

I've got Georgia on my mind, let's get it on our sewing machine, too!

General Instructions

These abbreviations are used in this tutorial:

  • RST - right sides together
  • SA - seam allowance
  • HST - half square triangle

Seams are all 1/4" and pressed toward the darker fabric unless otherwise noted.

Pressing instructions are highlighted in yellow.

2022's New Quilt Fabrics ~ Get ready to drool!

Click the images below to see the full collection and any commercial and/or free patterns that showcase them (for inspiration, of course!)

Step 1: Cutting for a Georgia quilt block

Georgia quilt block designGeorgia block design

Sample Size: 7" finished / 7½" unfinished

Grid: 5x5

Design Type: Uneven 9-patch, small center

Attribution: Hearth & Home

AKA: State of Georgia (Workbasket)

Three fabrics—a light, a medium and a dark are needed to make this block.

For the scrap-lover, consider using scraps for your light and medium values and a single fabric for your dark.

Label your patches as you cut. The numbers are used in this tutorial.

Click her to print a copy of the Georgia block design and cutting chart to use at your cutting table.

Generations Quilt Patterns logo

Cutting Chart for a
Georgia Quilt Block

~Traditional Piecing ~

PatchFabricQtyFinished Block Size
5" 7½" 10"
1 Light 8 1½" x 1½" 2" x 2" 2½" x 2½"
2 Medium 9 1½" x 1½" 2" x 2" 2½" x 2½"
3 Dark 4 1½" x 1½" 2" x 2" 2½" x 2½"
4** Medium 2 1⅞" x 1⅞" 2⅜" x 2⅜" 2⅞" x 2⅞"
5** Dark 2 1⅞" x 1⅞" 2⅜" x 2⅜" 2⅞" x 2⅞"
Unfinished Block Size 5½" 8" 10½"
Grid Size 1" 1½" 2"
**I prefer to cut my patches extra large for HST, stitch, and then trim them to size. If you prefer to do the same, add a bit extra to the measurements for Patches #4 and #5 above (I added 3/8" to each dimension for the sample block).

There is a chart further down in these instructions where you need it for trimming them to size.

If you have a perfectly reliable 1/4" seam allowance use the dimensions in the cutting charts for this patches.

Step 2: Assemble the Georgia units

Patch Pairs

4 each

With RST sew a #1 to a #3, repeat for a total of four.

With RST sew a #1 to a #2, again repeating for a total of four.

All the seams are pressed toward:

  • #1 in the #1/#3 unit
  • #2 in the #1/#2 unit
Sew a #1 to a #3 and a #1 to a #2

Half Square Triangles (HST)

Make 4

HSTsMake 4

We use the Quick Pieced method for making our HSTs.

If you plan to make many blocks, you may want to use another HST method like 8-at-a-time or triangle paper.

Mark a single diagonal line on the back of either your #4 or #5 patches—whichever one is easier to see the mark on.

With RST, layer a #4 and #5, marked patch on top.

With your favorite quarter inch foot installed on your sewing machine, stitch a 1/4" away from both sides of the line for both pairs of patches.

Stitching HSTsI left my quarter inch foot at home the day I made this sample. So I adjusted my needle position so that it's a 1/4" away from the edge of my open toe applique foot. There's always a way to get things done in quilting. :)

Give your sewn pairs a quick press to set the seam.

Cut each pair in half along the drawn line.

Press with the SA to the dark.

Trimming HSTsAfter stitching (left), after cutting in half and pressing (middle) and finally after trimming to size (right).

If you added a bit extra to the #4 and #5 patches when you cut them, it's time to trim them down to size.

Use the measurement from the chart below that corresponds to your chosen Finished Block Size.

If you cut the patches exactly, measure to confirm they are the correct size and trim away the dog ears. Make any necessary adjustments.

HST Dimensions
Finished
Block Size
Trim HST to…
5" 1½" x 1½"
7½" 2" x 2"
10" 2½" x 2½"

After trimming your HST should look like the one in the photo above on the far right.

Corner Units

With RST sew a #2 square to the left side of a #4 side of a #4/#5 HST (below left).

Press SA toward #2 to avoid creating bulk.

Repeat for a total of two.

Stitching corner units

With RST sew a #2 square to the right side of a #4 side of a #4/#5 HST (above right).

Press SA toward #2 to avoid creating bulk.

Repeat for a total of two.

You'll need two different pairs of patches for the right and left hand sides of the block.

Arrange your patches as shown below, making two of each.

The SA that joins these pairs is pressed away from the pair that contains the #4/#5 HST.

Pressing directions for the corners

Step 3: Assemble the Georgia quilt block

Arrange the corners, sides and center patch to create the Georgia quilt block design.

A light #1 patch is in the outside corners.

Patches are laid out ready to sew togetherYou can see in this picture how the SAs are pressed away from the #4/#5 HSTs.
Click here to learn why friends don't let friends sew over pins...

With RST, sew the units together into rows.

Pin as needed to get nice matches at the points. Click here to learn more about 'Pinning for Perfect Points'.

SAs are pressed towards the side #1/#3 two-patch units.

Rut Roh!

The photo below is a little bit wonky.

That right edge looks rather curvilicious...not so in real life. My bad! I'm a much better quilter than photographer!

Rows for our Georgia block are ready to stitch together

With RST, sew the rows together. Again, pin as much as YOU need for good matches at the points.

And our Georgia quilt block is finished!

Georgia patchwork block, frontGeoriga block from the front

Here you can see it from the wrong side. See how all of our seams nested? This helps make it easier to get good match points in our patchwork.

Georgia patchwork, backGeorgia block from the back

If you need a different size block...

For a list of all the quilt block patterns on this site, start here.

If you know the name of the block, you can shorten your search by using these alphabetical links:

A-D

E-M

N-Z

Click here if you're looking for blocks with at least some paper piecing.

Click here if you're looking for the basic building blocks of quilting, i.e. Flying Geese, half square triangles, quarter square triangles, etc., along with several techniques to make each.

And finally, use these links to find blocks in these finished sizes:

For even more blocks to make...

Click here to learn about my favorite quilt book resources that inspire my patchwork designs.

For you, are quilt block patterns like potato chips?

You can't have just one?!!

Check the fantastic resources I rely on for the majority of the quilt block designs you see on this website. 

To see if they're worthy of a spot in YOUR quilting library, read about them HERE.

NOTE: All the attribution and alternate names shared in the Free Quilt Block Patterns Library came from these four resources.

This article was printed from Generations-Quilt-Patterns.com

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