Georgia Quilt Block

From our Free Quilt Block Patterns Library

This post contains affiliate links for which I receive compensation.

The Georgia quilt block is a peach of a block to make—all you need are cut squares and a handful of half square triangle units per block.

The Georgia quilt block tutorial starts here.

In this tutorial you'll find:

I've got Georgia on my mind, let's get it on our sewing machine, too!




General Instructions

If you need help printing this page, click here.

These abbreviations are used in this tutorial:

  • RST - right sides together
  • SA - seam allowance
  • HST - half square triangle

Seams are all 1/4" and pressed toward the darker fabric unless otherwise noted.

Pressing instructions are highlighted in yellow.


Step 1: Cutting for a Georgia quilt block

Georgia quilt block designGeorgia block design

Grid: 5x5, uneven 9-patch

Three fabrics—a light, a medium and a dark are needed to make this block.

For the scrap-lover, consider using scraps for your light and medium values and a single fabric for your dark.

Label your patches as you cut. The numbers are used in this tutorial.

Click here if you'd like to print a copy of the Georgia design and cutting chart to use at your cutting table.


Generations Quilt Patterns logo

Cutting Chart for a
Georgia Quilt Block

~Traditional Piecing ~

PatchFabricQtyFinished Block Size
5" 7½" 10"
1 Light 8 1½" x 1½" 2" x 2" 2½" x 2½"
2 Medium 9 1½" x 1½" 2" x 2" 2½" x 2½"
3 Dark 4 1½" x 1½" 2" x 2" 2½" x 2½"
4** Medium 2 1⅞" x 1⅞" 2⅜" x 2⅜" 2⅞" x 2⅞"
5** Dark 2 1⅞" x 1⅞" 2⅜" x 2⅜" 2⅞" x 2⅞"
Unfinished Block Size 5½" 8" 10½"
Grid Size 1" 1½" 2"
**I prefer to cut my patches extra large for QST, stitch, and then trim them to size. If you prefer to do the same, add a bit extra to the measurements for Patches #5, #6 and #7 above (I added 3/8" to each dimension for the sample block).

There is a chart further down in these instructions where you need it for trimming them to size.

If you have a perfectly reliable 1/4" seam allowance use the dimensions in the cutting charts for this patches.

My go-to thread for piecing is...





Step 2: Assemble the Georgia units

Patch Pairs

4 each

With RST sew a #1 to a #3, repeat for a total of four.

With RST sew a #1 to a #2, again repeating for a total of four.

All the seams are pressed toward:

  • #1 in the #1/#3 unit
  • #2 in the #1/#2 unit


Sew a #1 to a #3 and a #1 to a #2


Half Square Triangles (HST)

Make 4

HSTsMake 4

We use the Quick Pieced method for making our HSTs.

If you plan to make many blocks, you may want to use another HST method like 8-at-a-time or triangle paper.

Mark a single diagonal line on the back of either your #4 or #5 patches—whichever one is easier to see the mark on.

With RST, layer a #4 and #5, marked patch on top.

With your favorite quarter inch foot installed on your sewing machine, stitch a 1/4" away from both sides of the line for both pairs of patches.


Stitching HSTsI left my quarter inch foot at home the day I made this sample. So I adjusted my needle position so that it's a 1/4" away from the edge of my open toe applique foot. There's always a way to get things done in quilting. :)

Give your sewn pairs a quick press to set the seam.

Cut each pair in half along the drawn line.

Press with the SA to the dark.


Trimming HSTsAfter stitching (left), after cutting in half and pressing (middle) and finally after trimming to size (right).

If you added a bit extra to the #4 and #5 patches when you cut them, it's time to trim them down to size.

Use the measurement from the chart below that corresponds to your chosen Finished Block Size.

If you cut the patches exactly, measure to confirm they are the correct size and trim away the dog ears. Make any necessary adjustments.


HST Dimensions
Finished
Block Size
Trim HST to…
5" 1½" x 1½"
7½" 2" x 2"
10" 2½" x 2½"

After trimming your HST should look like the one in the photo above on the far right.


Corner Units

With RST sew a #2 square to the left side of a #4 side of a #4/#5 HST (below left).

Press SA toward #2 to avoid creating bulk.

Repeat for a total of two.


Stitching corner units

With RST sew a #2 square to the right side of a #4 side of a #4/#5 HST (above right).

Press SA toward #2 to avoid creating bulk.

Repeat for a total of two.

You'll need two different pairs of patches for the right and left hand sides of the block.

Arrange your patches as shown below, making two of each.

The SA that joins these pairs is pressed away from the pair that contains the #4/#5 HST.




Step 3: Assemble the Georgia quilt block

Arrange the corners, sides and center patch to create the Georgia quilt block design.

A light #1 patch is in the outside corners.


Patches are laid out ready to sew togetherYou can see in this picture how the SAs are pressed away from the #4/#5 HSTs.
Click here to learn why friends don't let friends sew over pins...

With RST, sew the units together into rows.

Pin as needed to get nice matches at the points. Click here to learn more about 'Pinning for Perfect Points'.

SAs are pressed towards the side #1/#3 two-patch units.

Rut Roh!

The photo below is a little bit wonky.

That right edge looks rather curvilicious...not so in real life. My bad! I'm a much better quilter than photographer!


Rows for our Georgia block are ready to stitch together


With RST, sew the rows together. Again, pin as much as YOU need for good matches at the points.

And our Georgia quilt block is finished!


Georgia patchwork block, frontGeoriga block from the front


Here you can see it from the wrong side. See how all of our seams nested? This helps make it easier to get good match points in our patchwork.


Georgia patchwork, backGeorgia block from the back


No time now to quilt? Pin It for later...


Link to Free Quilt Block Patterns Library




For even more blocks to make...


These are my go-to resources for quilt block ideas. Click the images to learn more.


Maggie Malone's 5500 Quilt Block Designs is my all-time favorite quilt block resource!

It's in color.

It's got a ton of blocks.

What's not to love?



Next on my 'must-have' list is Barbara Brackman's Encyclopedia of Pieced Quilt Patterns.

Unlike the Maggie Malone book, the blocks in this volume are hand-drawn and in black and white—no color—personally, I prefer colored drawings to work with.

This book is no longer in print. If you can come by a copy expect it to be wickedly expensive.

However...


BlockBase is the computerized version of the Encyclopedia.

It can be used with Electric Quilt and is a Windows based program.




Finally there is The Quilter's Album of Patchwork Patterns by Jinny Beyer.

Lots of detail and in color, it is a beautiful volume. That said, I check it out of my local library on a regular basis instead of purchasing it.

Why?

Simply because I own the previous three references and find this the least user-friendly of the group.

It does make a fabulous coffee table book.

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