From our Free Quilt Block Patterns Library
The On the Square quilt block is the same design as our New Irish Chain—just the construction method is different.
Instead of nine-patch construction, this time we're assembling the block much as we would a Courthouse Steps block—in rounds of pre-stitched 'logs'. Two opposite sides are stitched and pressed, followed by the remaining two opposite sides. Then move to the next round of logs.
Strip piecing helps us keep all 49 patches in each block easily organized.
Let's get started.
Several abbreviations are used in this tutorial:
Seam allowances (SA) are all 1/4".
Pressing instructions are provided throughout the tutorial to ensure that your SA nest to make matching seams as easy as possible.
The biggest challenge to choosing quilt fabrics for this block is to have enough contrast between the medium and dark fabrics that form the chain.
You go to the trouble of cutting and piecing those squares. You certainly want to see them.
While the background is shown as a light here, there's nothing to prevent you from using a darker value.
Cutting Chart for an~Traditional Piecing ~
|Patch||Fabric||Qty||Finished Block Size|
|1||Light||1||3½" x 3½"||5" x 5"||6½" x 6½"|
|2||Med||6||1½" x 7"||2" x 9"||2½" x 11"|
|3||Dark||1||1½" x 7"||2" x 9"||2½" x 11"|
|4||Dark||12||1½" x 1½"||2" x 2"||2½" x 2½"|
|5||Light||1||3½" x 7"||5" x 9"||6½" x 11"|
|6||Light||1||5½" x 7"||8" x 9"||10½" x 11"|
|Unfinished Block Size||9½"||14"||18½"|
The cutting's complete. We're ready to sew.
Start by completing all the strip piecing first. Then there's not so many pieces to keep track of.
With RST stitch a #2 strip to each side of a #3 to form a strip set.
I love using my quarter inch foot with a guide for piecing strips together.
If my brand-spankin' new machine hadn't had this foot, I wouldn't have bought it...this presser foot is that terrific!
Using it in combination with starched quilt fabric makes the process virtually foolproof.
No wonky 1/4" seams!
Press the SAs toward the darker #3.
Set this aside.
With RST sew a #2 to each side of the #5 patch.
SA are pressed toward #5. While this doesn't follow the usual 'press to the dark', this will help with matching seams when the rounds are added to the block.
With RST sew a #2 to each long edge of the #6.
Press with SA toward #6—again this helps with matching seams later.
If you're having trouble getting nice flat stripsets, try this pressing technique. No special tools needed.
Just the flattest units you'll ever press!
Check the Accuracy of our On the Square Stripsets
Compare with the measurements in the chart below to make sure your strip sets are the correct width before subcutting.
If not, make any adjustments now.
|Stripset Width after stitching||SubCut Width|
Straighten one short end on each of the three different strip sets.
All of the stripsets are subcut into four equal units. Use the chart above to find the Subcut Width.
For the pictured 9" finished sample block, all the subcuts are 1½" wide.
Here the first round patches are subcut.
Subcut the second and third rounds in the same manner.
To the ends of two of each round, add a dark #4 patch.
SA are pressed toward the #4.
One final press and all our rounds are complete. It's time to assemble the block.
As you add each group of four segments, use the chart below to check your accuracy.
|Block Size after Adding…|
|Round 1||Round 2||Round 3|
|9"||5½" x 5½"||7½" x 7½"||9½" x 9½"|
|13½"||8" x 8"||11" x 11"||14" x 14"|
|18"||10½" x 10½"||14½" x 14½"||18½" x 18½"|
Arrange the patches for the first round.
With RST, add the top and bottom units to the center #1 square.
Sew with the unit with the most seams on top to avoid flipping seam allowances as you stitch.
For the first round that means the pieced strip, #2/#3/#2 is on top (shown below).
Press SAs in toward #1.
Add the sides. While the seams of the patches nest making matching them so much easier, pins help to hold everything in place while you sew.
Press SAs out from the center toward #2/#3/#2 top and bottom patches.
The first round is complete. Our 9" finished sample measures 5½" x 5½".
Arrange the patches for the second round.
While we're showing adding the shorter rows to the top and bottom every time, if you accidentally switch and add them to the sides...no problem.
If you follow the pressing directions everything does work out fine.
With RST, add the top and bottom patches.
Press SAs toward the center.
Repeat for the two remaining sides, pressing these SAs out.
Arrange the patches for the final round.
Stitch the short segments to the top and bottom, pressing seams in towards the center.
Add the final two segments, pressing toward the outer edge.
One final visit to the ironing board and our On the Square quilt block is finished.
On the backside it's easier to see how the seams are pressed.
For an alternative way to make this block design, check out the New Irish Chain quilt block.
Will you make yours with rounds like our 'On the Square' or with 9-patches like the Irish Chain?
These are my go-to resources for quilt block ideas.
Can you tell?
It's in color.
It's got a ton of blocks.
What's not to love?
Next on my 'must-have' list is Barbara Brackman's Encyclopedia of Pieced Quilt Patterns.
Unlike the Maggie Malone book, the blocks in this volume are hand-drawn and in black and white—no color—personally, I prefer colored drawings to work with.
This book is no longer in print. If you can come by a copy expect it to be wickedly expensive.
BlockBase is the computerized version of the Encyclopedia.
It can be used with Electric Quilt and is a Windows based program.
Finally there's The Quilter's Album of Patchwork Patterns by Jinny Beyer.
Lots of detail and in color, it is a beautiful volume. That said, I check it out of my local library on a regular basis instead of purchasing it—can you see the library sticker on it's spine. Yep, it's from the Plainfield Public Library.
Simply because I own the previous three references and find this the least user-friendly of the group.
It does make a fabulous coffee table book though.
Don't forget to Pin for later!