Buckeye Beauty Quilt Block Pattern

From our Free Quilt Block Patterns Library

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Skill Level: Beginner

The Buckeye Beauty quilt block is super fast and easy--just two half square triangles and two four patches and you're good to go!

Perfect for scrappy quilts because each block takes so little fabric. As always, scrap quilts are all about value. Keep your lights light and your darks dark to maintain the design.

Buckeye Beauty quilt block tutorial

For such a small block with so few pieces, it's hard to believe there are many other names, but here they are:

Double Four Patch
Gay Scrap Quilt
Give This One a Name
Going to Chicago
Hour Glass

Jacob's Ladder
New Four Patch
Northern Lights

Railroad Crossing
World's Fair
World's Fair

The underlined links above lead to other quilt patterns on this website.

Quilting instructions are included on this page for blocks in 5 different sizes.

Variations on the design are included at the end of this page.

Now let's start piecing this beauty!

General Instructions

All seam allowances (SA) are 1/4".

When you are instructed to press, first press the pieced unit flat to set the seam. Then open the patches, pressing from the front.

Seam allowances are pressed to the darker fabric unless otherwise noted.

The newest quilt fabrics to tickle your fancy...

Click the images below to see the full collection. We share any commercial and/or free patterns that showcase them, too. (For inspiration, of course!)

Step 1: Cutting for a Buckeye Beauty

Buckeye Beauty block designBuckeye Beauty quilt block

The squares for the half square triangles (marked with **) are based on using the Quick Piecing technique.

I like to use over-sized squares, stitch the unit and then trim to an exact size.

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Cutting Chart for a
Buckeye Beauty Quilt Block

~ Traditional Piecing ~

PatchFabricQtyFinished Block Size
3'' 4'' 5'' 6'' 7''
1** Light 1 2⅜'' x 2⅜'' 2⅞'' x 2⅞'' 3⅜'' x 3⅜'' 3⅞'' x 3⅞'' 4⅜'' x 4⅜''
2** Dark 1 2⅜'' x 2⅜'' 2⅞'' x 2⅞'' 3⅜'' x 3⅜'' 3⅞'' x 3⅞'' 4⅜'' x 4⅜''
3 Light 1 1¼'' x 6'' 1½'' x 7'' 1¾'' x 8'' 2'' x 9'' 2¼'' x 10''
4 Dark 1 1¼'' x 6'' 1½'' x 7'' 1¾'' x 8'' 2'' x 9'' 2¼'' x 10''
Unfinished Block Size 3½'' 4½'' 5½'' 6½'' 7½''
Grid Size ¾" 1'' 1¼'' 1½'' 1¾''
**I prefer to cut my patches extra large for HST, stitch, and then trim them to size. If you prefer to do the same, add a bit extra to the measurements for Patches #1 and #2 above.

There is a chart further down in these instructions where you need it for trimming them to size.

And these are the cut patches.

Cut patches for the Buckeye Beauty block

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Step 2: Assemble the units for a Buckeye Beauty

Half Square Triangles

Make 2

Using the Quick Piece technique for making half square triangle, draw a diagonal line on the back of one of your squares. I used a chalk pencil on this darker fabric.

With RST layer a #1 and #2 square and stitch a 1/4" from each side of the drawn line.

Stitch on both sides of the lineThe red arrow points to my anchor cloth

Cut on the line to create two HST units.


If you cut oversized patches, use the chart below to find the 'Trim HST to...' size. If you cut your patches exactly, use this same measurement to check for accuracy. Make any necessary adjustments.

For our 6" sample, I'll trim the HST to 3-1/2" square.

HST Dimensions

Block Size
Trim HST to…
3" 2"
4" 2½"
5" 3"
6" 3½"
7" 4"

Click here if you need more detailed information on the Quick Piecing technique used above. (This link opens in a new window to make it easier to come back to this spot to continue.)

Four Patches

Make 2

With RST, layer a #3 and #4 strip and stitch along the long edge to create a strip set.

After stitching, use the chart below to check that your strip set is the correct width.

Four Patch Measurements

Block Size
Stripset Width after stitching SubCut Width Four Patch Dimensions
3" 2" 1¼" 2"
4" 2½" 1½" 2½"
5" 3" 1¾" 3"
6" 3½" 2" 3½"
7" 4" 2¼" 4"

Now find the Subcut Width in the chart that corresponds to your finished block size.

Straighten one of the short edges with your rotary cutter and cut this strip set into four equal units. For our 6" sample that subcut is 2" wide.

Alternate the segments as shown below.

Alternate light and dark fabrics

After stitching your four patches together, use the chart to check for accuracy. For our 6" sample they measure 3-1/2" square.

Step 3: Assemble the Buckeye Beauty Quilt Block

Lay out the units. Even though this is a simple quilt block, it is incredibly easy to flip the triangle squares. Unfortunately, we quilters never seem to notice until we've stitched a whole pile and are at the ironing board to press. ARGGGHHHH!!!!

Lay out the patches

Stitch the patches into rows. You can press in either direction, just be consistent so that your seams will nest for ease in matching the seams.

Stitch patches into rows

Sew the two rows into a block. I twirled the seam allowance to reduce bulk in the center of the block. (See the red circles in the photo below.)

Twirl the seam allowances to distribute bulk

Let's take a closer look at the twirled seam allowance (circled in red below) on our Buckeye Beauty.

You'll need to pick out a couple of the stitches holding the seam together starting at the edge of the seam up to the stitching that crosses it. (the red arrows point to where I left the threads.) Then you are able to maneuver it into position.

Twirl the seam allowances to distribute bulk

Instead of having the bulk of the seam all pressed to one side, it is now spread around the joined seam in a clockwise fashion.  The green arrows show this rotation on this block.

Note that twirling the seam creates a little four patch on the back of the block.

This is your finished Buckeye Beauty quilt block. Pretty cute!

Our finished Buckeye Beauty quilt block
Looking for more design opportunity?

'Like the design, but need a bit more design opportunity within the block?

Then click here to go to our nine patch version of the Jacob's Ladder quilt block. It looks like two Buckeye Beauty's melded together.

Need help deciding how to lay out your finished blocks. Look to our Jacob's Ladder (alias Buckeye Beauty) pattern page for inspiration.

Common Variations

Clustering the Buckeye Beauty quilt block in groups of four allows for more design opportunities as we can see in the examples below.

New Double Four Patch quilt block design

New Double Four Patch

The result of four blocks set together. Light and dark is reversed from our tutorial.

Buckeye Beautiful quilt block design

Buckeye Beautiful

Another fabric is added for the triangle patches.

State House quilt block design

State House

Two different fabrics used for the triangle squares.

Also know as: Double Four Patch and New Four Patch

Sunny Lanes quilt block design

Sunny Lanes

In this four fabric block, the position of the units within the block are swapped.

The design is created by careful placement of the dark HST fabric to create the strong diagonal element.

Same name, different block...

Rockingham's Beauty quilt block design

—A completely different look from the Buckeye Beauty quilt block in our tutorial.

This one is also known as the Rockingham's Beauty.

It's a real humdinger!

A Bevy of Beauties!

They say 'Beauty is in the eye of the beholder'!

Behold all the block patterns in our Free Quilt Block Pattern Library to find blocks for your next beautiful quilt!

What about a different quilt block?

For a list of all the 220+ quilt block patterns on this site, start here.

If you know the name of the block, shorten your search by using these links:




Click here if you're looking for blocks with at least some paper piecing.

Click here if you're looking for the basic building blocks of quilting, i.e., Flying Geese, half square triangles, quarter square triangles, etc., along with several techniques to make each.

And finally, use these links to find blocks in these finished sizes:

This article was printed from Generations-Quilt-Patterns.com

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