The Triangle in a Square quilt block (aka 'Spikey and Peak') is most often used as a unit in other blocks like the 54-40 or Fight quilt block.
Paper piecing is a reliably accurate method of creating this isosceles triangle unit and is shared below. You will also find free downloads for 2", 3" and 4" finished paper piecing patterns.
Because this is one of those 'basic units' there are lots of pictures to step you through the process. If you're a more experienced quilter, the cutting instructions and downloadable patterns will probably be more than enough.
It is also possible to rotary cut the shapes for this block. For rotary cutting I recommend the Tri Recs Triangle Ruler combo.
To print a block or two and the templates to help you cut the irregular shaped patches, click on a finished size below. (These links open in a new window.)
If you'd like to print a page of Triangle in a Square quilt blocks without the templates, click on a finished size below. (These links open in a new window.)
Printers can be finicky. YOU MUST set 'Page Scaling' to 'None' in the print menu that pops up so that the patterns and templates print at the correct size.
Click here for more information on downloading patterns from this website. (This link opens in a new window.)
Prepare the paper templates and patterns
With a rotary cutter or scissor (whichever you are more comfortable with) rough cut just outside the dotted lines of the downloaded patterns. There's no reason to be exact; these units are trimmed later.
Do cut the templates out on the lines as it will assist in placing them on your fabric and minimizing waste.
Two contrasting fabrics are needed to make this Triangle in a Square quilt block. Our Fabric #1 is yellow; #2 is orange.
Choose the finished size and cut as instructed below.
|Fabric||Template||Cut||Finished Block Size|
**Layer the Fabric #2 rectangles right sides together.
Lay Template B on top aligning all the edges. With your rotary cutter and ruler cut through the template and all the fabric layers along the diagonal line. After cutting, there are 2 left and 2 right skinny, outside triangles. You will need only one of each. However, this method ensures that you will have a left and a right patch.
If you are making more than 2 blocks, add one rectangle for each
additional block. (i.e. 3 blocks/3 rectangles, 7 blocks/7 rectangles,
With just a dab of Elmer's Washable Glue stick, position and adhere one background triangle cut from Template A onto the unprinted side of the paper pattern. (Yes, you can use a pin instead if you'd like.)
The template is sized so that the side edges of the triangle patch extend 1/4" past the solid stitching lines of the center triangle. The blunt tip is even with the dotted line at the top outside edge of the block for easier positioning.
If you have a difficult time 'eyeballing' the 1/4" seam allowance, then mark it on the paper pattern as shown below. (That line is drawn with a red Micron pen but you can use pencil, too.)
You can also see that the pattern has been rough cut just past the dotted line that marks the edge of the final unfinished block.
Position a skinny triangle, right sides together with the center triangle, aligning the long edges. (It doesn't matter which side you do first.)
The heavy black line (above) is where the seam line is on the printed side that we can't see. The orange patch is positioned with approximately 1/2" extending past this seam line at both ends.
Flip the Triangle in a Square quilt block pattern over to the printed side and stitch with a short stitch length (1.5mm) on the line between the two triangles. Start and stop your stitching a good 1/4" from the beginning or end of the printed line.
When this unit is pieced into your quilt, a line of stitching will cross these seams and secure them. There is no need to backstitch.
Press the unit as it was sewn to set the seam.
Now open the skinny triangle patch so the pretty side shows and press again.
To complete the sewing, repeat all of these steps for the remaining skinny triangle, stitching and pressing as before. It will look like this
At this point, I hadn't bothered to trim the thread tails or dog ears. There was no need to take the time during piecing, because the final trim will take care of it. (I like to be economical with my efforts. There's never enough time to make all the quilts in my head.)
To complete the unit, align the 1/4" line of your ruler with the solid black line on the outside of your block. Trim. Repeat for the three remaining sides.
After trimming your triangle in a square quilt block this is what you've got!
On the bottom edge, the orange fabric doesn't intersect the corner.
That's OK. It's not a mistake.
It is exactly as it should be due to the angle of the sides.
Now remove the paper and...
You've made a perfect Triangle in a Square quilt block, all ready to be stitching into your quilt!
Not a big fan of paper piecing? Then try this block using a Tri Recs triangle ruler to cut the patches!
Return to the top of Triangle in a Square Quilt Block
Go to Beginner Quilt Block Patterns for more of the basic building blocks in quilting.