The quest for a quilt block design's origins
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The following inquiry from SewYeRip asks for guidance on how to attribute a quilt block design to the original designer.
It's a terrific question about a sometimes confusing situation.
Giving credit where credit is due is the respectable thing, the responsible thing, to do.
Quite frankly, it's no skin off anyone's nose to give proper credit to a designer.
A good design goes a long way in determining the success of a finished quilt—however, a quilter's piecing skills and color, value and fabric choices have just as much impact, in my humble opinion.
The problem in giving credit, though, is sometimes figuring out where to start, especially if you have a hunch there is more than one source.
To assist, I'm in the process of adding alternate names and designers of the blocks found in our Free Quilt Block Patterns library to assist you in your own research.
My favorite sources of information are Barbara Brackman's Encyclopedia of Pieced Quilt Patterns (the latest edition is scrumptious!), Maggie Malone's 5500 Quilt Block Designs and Block Base, which is the digitized version of 'Encyclopedia'.
All terrific sources that I heartily recommend for your own quilting library!
On your site, I saw the pattern called "Castle Wall Quilt Block" from Barbara Brackman's book "The Encyclopedia of Quilt Patterns", #3610. Its design is attributed to the Kansas Star, published in 1931.
My question is that on the site, www.earlywomenmasters.net/quilts/c/castle/index.html, it is listed as a design by St. Teresa of Avila (1515-1582).
As with many patterns, names and designers, it sometimes can be difficult to know who the rightful designer-owner is of that pattern.
Your help with this is greatly appreciated.
You've asked the Holy Grail of questions!
As I've slowly built out the quilt block pattern section on this website, it's been fun (and eye-opening) to see how many different names one block can have.
I rely on Barbara Brackman's Encyclopedia of Pieced Quilt Patterns (whose digital form is the Blockbase software)...
...along with Maggie Malone's 5500 Quilt Block Designs, and to a lesser extent Jinny Beyer's Quilter's Album of Patchwork Patterns—though I find it a bit harder to use.
Don't get me wrong, "Quilter's Album" IS a beautiful tome—just not as user-friendly for my needs, in my humble opinion.
I own all three of the former.
As for Quilter's Album?
Well, if you check the records at either the Plainfield or Naperville public libraries in Illinois, you'd find it frequently checked out to Moi!
Countless times, I find a block to write a pattern for and think I've found every possible 'AKA' (also known as), only to later stumble across another drawing with the same block colorings—just with a different name.
Add to that the number of blocks that when colored differently, have different names—though the patch design is identical.
It's a fun project to work on. And certainly keeps me on my toes!
Electric has recently (late 2020) re-released the Encyclopedia of Pieced Quilt Patterns. This volume is head and shoulders above previous editions...in particular because it now contains colored drawing.
Many times the quilt block names are related. In those instances, I suspect that there might've been some knowledge of an existing block design.
Other times the names bear no relation to each other—indicating the designer was probably oblivious to any previous works.
Or possibly they were aware. But wanted to disguise that knowledge.
Honestly, I don't believe that the world is full of people trying to steal other quilter's ideas.
A handful? Yes.
And I've run into some. But not the vast majority.
Back when many of our favorite quilt blocks were originally designed there was no Internet.
Mail came by pony. If at all.
So is the quilter who lived in Pennsylvania who made a block for the first time the originator of the block?
Common sense says yes in all likelihood.
But what of the quilter in Oregon who came up with the very same block—but at a later date—with absolutely no exposure to the first quilter's work?
Does that mean that she, too, is not equally the designer/originator of that block?
That's where things get murky for me.
Especially if one is using the basic geometric shapes available to quilters along with the common grids that those pieced blocks are drawn on.
It seems logical that independent origination of the same block is not only possible, but probable, particularly with pieced blocks.
In my opinion, given that the Kansas City Star gave the quilt block that name and if St. Teresa of Avila's work, 'The Interior Castle', contains a geometric image like the Castle Wall quilt block, it seems possible AND probable that the Kansas City Star designer was aware of the previous design.
from the information provided, I have no reason to believe St. Teresa's
work was a quilt design. I conclude that her work was the
inspiration for the block designer.
What if a quilter—unaware of any of the published designs—decided to start with an octagon patch in the center of a square block and design outwards from there?
Starting with that more complex center patch would indicate a proficient piecer (at least to me). One who wouldn't shy away from using any of the different geometric shapes in her piecing.
She's a quilter who welcomes the challenge.
All of a sudden, it seems possible AND probable that any quilter that started with the same premise could end up with a block at least similar to 'Castle Wall'.
It contains half square triangles, squares, trapezoids, rectangles and 45° diamonds. All classic quilt patch shapes.
Given this jumble of thoughts, if I needed to ascribe origination of the design, I would provide the information that I was privy to.
All of it.
If the Kansas City Star was aware of St. Teresa's writings and work, that's an interesting tidbit. Design inspiration comes from everywhere. It's good for quilters to be reminded of or shown that.
The block is also attributed to Carrie Hall of Leavenworth, Kansas. She and the Kansas City Star were contemporaries during the resurgence of quilting in America during the 1920's and 1930's.
Was Carrie Hall influenced by either source?
Maybe she was.
Maybe she wasn't.
I just don't know.
There is nothing lost by providing all the information available. That's how I would proceed.