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Economy Quilt Block Pattern

From our Free Quilt Block Patterns Library

Economy quilt block pattern tutorial

In this Economy quilt block tutorial you'll find step-by-step paperpiecing instructions with free pattern downloads in four sizes.

I prefer paper piecing in this instance for its accuracy. Since half the seams are on the diagonal, any deviation from a quarter inch seam is multiplied by 40%. With a paper pattern all you need to concern yourself with is stitching on the line.

You may know this design by one of several alternate names:

  • Economy Patch
  • This and That
  • Hour Glass
  • Thrift Block

The Economy quilt block is used as a unit in the construction of other patchwork designs including:

Around the Corner quilt blockAround the Corner
South Carolina Star quilt blockSouth Carolina Star
Tea Party quilt blockTea Party

Construction Instructions

Economy quilt block design

Block Size: 6"(6-1/2" unfinished")

Grid size: 3"

Reduce your stitch length to 15-18 stitches per inch for paperpiecing. This reduced stitch length perforates the paper more making its removal in the final step easier.

When you are instructed to press, first press the pieced unit flat to set the seam. Then open the patch, pressing from the front.

Check out our Best Technique for Pressing Quilt Blocks. It works for paper piecing, too!

Step 1: Download the pattern

To open and print the patterns you need the Adobe Reader installed on your computer. You can get Adobe Reader here (a new window will open so you can download it without leaving this page) if you need it.

Click here for our free downloadable pattern for the 6" finished block.

In order to print, open the downloaded file, and select the "Print" option.

Remember, you must set 'page Scaling' to 'None' in your printer's setup menu to ensure these blocks print at the proper size.

Optional Downloads for the Economy quilt block:

Step 2: Cut the fabric patches

The first patch is cut to its exact size. The rest of the patches are over-sized to make their placement virtually foolproof. This minimizes ripping and saves time.

I suggest that you make a couple of blocks to test whether these sizes work for you, then make any necessary adjustments and note those changes directly on a copy of the pattern. Store this customized cutting chart for future reference.








3-1/2" x 3-1/2"
3-1/2" x 3-1/2"
4-3/8" x 4-3/8"

Sub Cut

Once diagonally
Once diagonally

After cutting, the pieces look like this:

Cut patches for the Economy quilt block

Step 3: Assemble the Economy quilt block

Cut the block pattern from the page you downloaded. A rough cut will do, just cut outside the dotted line that marks the unfinished edge. You will trim to size in the last step.

With a just a dab of Elmer's Glue Stick—the one that goes on purple and dries clear—position #1 on the unprinted side of your pattern. Use the dashed lines to help position it perfectly.

Center the first patch between the dashed lines

Now align the long bias edge of #2 triangle with one side of patch #1. Stitch from the printed side of the pattern, starting before and ending after the solid stitching line. These extra stitches are secured with subsequent lines of stitching.

Stitch the seam

The dashed lines you see are the placement lines for Patch #1.
The red arrows indicate approximately where to start and stop stitching.

Repeat for the opposite side of #1.

Construction Note:

For smaller block sizes, sometimes there isn't enough room to add a patch to a PAIR of opposite sides in the same sitting. In that case, add the patches one at a time, pressing in between each.


Trim the dog ears with a scissor.

Dog ears trimmed

Repeat for the remaining two sides.

And press.

At this point, I like to clean up my edges—remember the patches were cut over-sized.

Simply line up the edge of your ruler with the solid stitching line, creasing the paper with your fingers to help fold back the paper on the seam line.

Now align the 1/4" mark with the folded edge and cut. This establishes your seam allowance and perfect placement for the next patch.

Measure the seam allowance

And trim with your rotary cutter...

Trim the seam to 1/4 inch

...and repeat for all four sides. You're halfway there!

After trimming

With RST, line up the long bias edge of a #3 triangle with one side of the pieced unit. Stitch the seam from the printed side, again starting and stopping a quarter inch off the solid line.

Repeat for the opposite side.

Trim the dog ears and press.

Add the next pair of patches

Add the final set of triangles in the same manner and press.

Before the stitched block is trimmed

Step 4: Trim your Economy quilt block

Line up the quarter inch mark of your ruler with the solid finished edge of your block. Trim with a rotary cutter. (I find this much easier to do than trying to line up the edge of my ruler with the dashed-line that marks the unfinished size of the block.

Trim the block to size

After all four sides are trimmed and the paper removed, this is your finished Economy quilt block!

The finished Economy quilt block

Cutting Chart for Other Block Sizes

Make a few  Economy quilt blocks using these dimensions and then decide if you need to adjust them so they are perfect for YOU! Remember to note the changes on a pattern sheet for future reference.

Finished Block Size
FabricPatch #Qty2” 3”4”Sub Cut
A111-1/2” sq2” sq2-1/2” sqnone
B22 1-5/8” sq2” sq2-3/8” sqSymbol for a half square triangle
C322-3/8” sq2-7/8” sq3-3/8” sq Symbol for a half square triangle
Grid Size 1”1-1/2”2”na

Same name, different block...

Several others go by the name 'Economy' but their look is totally different.

Economy quilt block variation 1

The center square is split one more time in this one.

This is reminiscent of the Whirlwind quilt block, except this one has y-seams and just 'half' quarter square triangles.

Economy quilt block variation 2

Economy quilt block variation 3

This version of the Economy quilt block is drafted as an uneven nine patch. Square in a square blocks are used a dozen times in its construction.

Click here to learn how to paper piece square in a square units and/or download paper piecing patterns for them.

Ready for More Blocks?

There's no need to economize! We've got plenty of free blocks to keep you busy!

Just check out our Quilt Block Pattern Library to find one for your next quilting creation!

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