How To Applique
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The applique supplies you need to create the "look" of hand applique stitched by machine are very basic.
In fact, most are probably sitting in your sewing room right now.
A quick trip to your local quilt store or grocery store is all that's needed to complete the list!
Optional Applique Supplies
Now let's discuss some of the finer points of our applique supplies list...
The open toe applique foot differs from a standard presser foot.
If you can't find this foot, try a clear plastic presser foot.
As you stitch this type of applique, your eyes are focused directly where the needle pierces the fabric.
Anything and everything you can do to make it easier to see makes for a much more enjoyable time at your sewing machine.
Click here to find one for your machine if you don't have one.
You need a sewing machine with a zigzag stitch that can be adjusted to 0.5 to 1.0 wide and 1.0 long.
For this set up your zig zag throat plate will work just fine. It's the one with an oval opening.
A straight stitch throat plate has a much smaller hole. Smaller hole means better stitch quality and less chance of fabric jamming while stitching.
If you already have a straight stitch throat plate, then test it as follows:
Rinsaway water soluble stabilizer!
Made of polyester, it's washable and comes in 20 inch wide yardage.
Big box stores will carry it for about $2/yard. You will use it straight from the bolt or from the package. There's no need to pre-wash or pre-treat.
This water soluble stabilizer tears like heavy paper.
But wash it and it turns into polyester fibers. With freezer paper templates, you must remove the template (usually by cutting it out from behind). But this method creates...
Applique templates you leave in the quilt!
The fibers are soft once your block is washed and all the glue removed. If you didn't know there was fiber in your applique shapes, you wouldn't know there was fiber in your applique.
Use a quality monofilament thread (size .004) for invisible machine applique. It's soft and supple.
The one I always use is YLI's Wonder Invisible Thread. It's made of nylon which means reduce your iron temperature when pressing stitched applique shapes.
Polyester has a higher melting point than nylon. Check your local quilt store for these threads.
Monofilament thread comes in:
While clear works for most colors, I keep and use both.
For the bobbin, a 50 wt, 100% cotton thread like Aurifil or Superior Threads' Masterpiece will balance nicely with the monofilament.
Elmer's Washable School Glue Stick and white School Glue are available everywhere and used by everyone. They are non-toxic, acid-free, washable and CHEAP.
I keep both the small and large glue sticks on hand.
You can certainly use other fabric glues but they MUST completely wash out of the fabric. That is crucial.
I stock up every year on these during the 'Back to School' sales in the fall.
Pre-wash or preshrink only the quilt fabric for the applique pieces.
Then pretest all the fabrics, including the background, to make sure they don't bleed or crock. (Click to learn how to do a bleed test.)
Your block is washed in the final step to remove all the glue. The background fabric shrinks a bit then. That shrinkage pulls in the stitching on the applique shapes just a bit to further.
The result is stitches that are nearly invisible.
That completes our "Applique Supplies" list and descriptions. Let's move on to creating our applique templates.
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By Machine or By Hand?
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Click the images below to learn more about each...
Regardless of the method of applique I use, these are some of my go-to tools.