This 'How to Machine Quilt' section uses the rail fence quilt block pattern as an example.
This type of quilt is characteristic of your beginning quilts. Simple construction. Not a lot of seams to match. And hopefully not too big.
The perfect project to practice both your basic piecing and machine quilting skills.
For your first quilts you'll learn the basic techniques of quilting with your walking foot, and sometimes, simple free motion quilting with your darning or hopping foot.
This section deals solely with quilting with your walking foot.
At this point in learning how to machine quilt:
You're ready to learn how to machine quilt your quilt!
The first lines of quilting are to prevent the quilt sandwich from shifting.
To do this, ditch quilt in the seam lines of the major elements of the quilt top, i.e. seam lines between blocks or along borders or sashing. (You are not quilting within a block at this time.)
If you've used a variety of fabrics in different colors and values (lights, mediums and darks), try using monofilament thread. Anchoring stitches are not meant to show. And stitching in the ditch with monofilament thread is less apt to show.
This type of quilt is arranged with the blocks in horizontal rows, with or without sashing and borders.
The first two lines of this anchor quilting are along the center most seam, both vertically and horizontally. (right)
Make it a habit, as you learn how to machine quilt, to stitch the seam line that lies on the lengthwise grain (the most stable grain) of the backing fabric first. Then turn your quilt 90 degrees. Quilt the crosswise center most seam. These stitching lines form a "+" on the quilt top.
If there is no seam in the very center, stitch the next one closest to the center, instead.
Note that each line is stitched from one side to the other. Do not quilt these lines out from the center as that would distort your quilt.
This type of quilt is arranged with the blocks set in diagonal rows, with or without sashing and/or borders.
The first lines of quilting are along the bias grain of the backing fabric.
Bias can stretch as you stitch. To compensate and control the layers, use plenty of safety pins to baste.
For a square quilt, the first two lines of stitching are along the center most diagonal lines running from corner to corner (stopping at the border if there is any).
These lines of stitching form an "X" across your quilt top. (above, right)
For a rectangular, diagonally set quilt, begin at one corner and stitch in the ditch along the center-most diagonal line to the opposite side.
Move to the next corner and stitch along the diagonal center-most line for the line that crosses the first.
Turn the quilt 180 degrees and repeat for the remaining two corners. (left)
In our example, the first pair stitching lines is shown in red, the second is orange. At this point, you can anchor the seam lines between the borders and center of the quilt.
Lines of quilting that begin at the very edge of the quilt, like the square diagonal set with no borders above, should start and stop several stitches past the edges of the quilt top. These stitches will be secured when the binding is sewn to the quilt.
...after these first stabilizing stitches are complete.
Are there any tucks where the lines of quilting meet?
Tucks on the back are a sign the quilt wasn't pin basted properly. Either not enough pins were used or the backing was not taut enough during the basting. Tucks, here, indicate you'll probably have tucks throughout the quilting. This is the time to rip out your stitching and re-baste your quilt top before there are too many problems.
In the following illustrations, quilting lines shown in black were stitched in previous steps.
Once the anchor quilting is complete, return to the the first line of quilting.
Ditch quilt the first line to the right side of the center stitched line. Stitch from the top to the bottom inside the borders.
Continue in this manner until there are no more lines to quilt. Stitch all of these lines of quilting in the same direction. Tie off both ends of the quilting lines when they begin within the body of the quilt. (see right)
Rotate your quilt 180 degrees.
Find the first unstitched seam line to the right of center.
Stitch in the ditch from top to bottom. Repeat until all seam lines are stitched. (see left)
Next turn the quilt 90 degrees, and ditch quilt the seam lines, working out from the center. (see right)
Finally, turn the quilt 180 degrees and ditch quilt the remaining vertical seam lines. (see left)
Learn how to machine quilt this way so only half the quilt is ever under the arm of your sewing machine. It's easier to quilt with less bulk under the arm because it leaves more room for your hands. You have more control.
For diagonal sets like Figures 2 & 3, follow this same pattern of quilting. Start from the closest diagonal line to the center and work out to the right, rotating and stitching as each group of structural lines is stitched.
If you've followed the instructions, the seams between the borders and center are already stitched.
Can you stitch in one continuous line around the whole border? The answer is..."Yes, BUT..."
You risk pulling the quilt out of square or stretching the batting.
But it is YOUR quilt and the choice is yours. If you quilt the border in a continuous line, take care at the corners. Stop with your needle down in the very corner. Re-adjust the quilt. Make sure everything lays neat and flat to avoid tucks. Then continue quilting.
Some quilters add a line of stitching within a 1/4" of the quilt's edge so they can remove the safety pins at the edge early on. Be sure your binding will cover this stitching later on.
Just like our rail fence quilt pattern, for many beginning quilts, once this anchor quilting is done, the quilt is quilted. If you've used a lot of "busy" prints in your quilt top, most decorative quilting won't even show. Only ditch quilting is needed.
As your piecing becomes more involved, so too, will your quilting plan.
Complete any additional quilting in the following order:
Regardless of how much quilting your finished quilt has, once you've learned how to machine quilt to stabilize and anchor the main structural lines, you have the freedom to move from block to block.