Skill Level: Confident Beginner
Grid: 9x9 (9-patch)
The Path and Stiles quilt block is a fabulous skill-builder for the beginning quilter. Just half square triangles and a bit of strip piecing.
It doesn't get any easier.
Nesting seam allowances make joining the units together a piece of cake!
Path and Stiles is also known as 'Stiles and Paths' (go-figure?!!), Far West and Shoo Fly. (Click the link for a more common Shoo Fly design.)
Let's get started!
Several common abbreviations are used throughout this tutorial:
All SA are 1/4" and pressed towards the darker fabric unless otherwise noted.
Starching your fabrics before piecing helps keep your rail fence units more accurate.
The starched edge of the strips rides right up against the guide on my favorite quarter inch foot. (You must be able to adjust your needle position to use this foot.)
For stitching the HST, I prefer an open toe applique foot because there's nothing to obstruct your view of the needle as it pierces the fabric.
Choose 3 fabrics with a clear distinction between the values so all your piecing work shows.
The quick pieced method for making HST is used for this block.
If your SA is a perfect 1/4", use the dimensions in the chart below.
If you prefer to cut your HST patches a bit larger, then add a bit to Patches #1 and #2—they are marked with an asterisk (*). (In the sample block, these patches are cut larger.)
After stitching, cut them down to the perfect size. You'll find instructions in the tutorial for this right where you use them.
Cutting Chart for a~~Traditional Piecing~~
|Patch||Fabric||Qty||Finished Block Size|
|1*||BAC||2||3-⅞" x 3-⅞"||5-⅜" x 5-⅜"||6-⅞" x 6-⅞"|
|2*||Medium||2||3-⅞" x 3-⅞"||5-⅜" x 5-⅜"||6-⅞" x 6-⅞"|
|3||BAC||2||1-½" x 16½"||2" x 23"||2-½" x 29½"|
|4||Dark||1||1-½" x 16½"||2" x 23"||2-½" x 29½"|
|5||Dark||2||1-½" x 4"||2" x 5"||2-½" x 6"|
|6||BAC||1||1-½" x 4"||2" x 5"||2-½" x 6"|
|Unfinished Block Size||9-½"||14"||18-½"|
|*These patches are used for HST. You may wish to cut them a bit larger and then trim to perfection after stitching.|
Half Square Triangles (HST)
Draw a diagonal line on the back of the #1 squares, marking only as dark as you need to see.
With RST layer a #1 and #2. Stitch a 1/4" away from both sides of the drawn line.
Don't you just hate it when your quilting tools 'walk away'.
As I prepared the sample block for this tutorial, I marked the center diagonal line—with all intentions of stitching a 1/4" away on both sides.
Unfortunately, my trusty-quarter-inch foot seems to have made an escape from my sewing machine tool kit.
Thank goodness I had my Quick Quarter Ruler on hand. I marked my sewing lines instead and stitched them using an open toe applique foot.
It's a good thing to have more than one 'go-to' method.
Repeat for the second pair of #1/#2.
Press flat to set the seams.
Cut apart on the drawn lines.
Press again. SA toward the dark.
If you cut your patches oversized, trim to the dimensions in the chart below that correspond to the finished block size.
If you cut patches exactly, measure to confirm that your HST are the correct size. Adjust as necessary.
For the 9" finished sample, the HST measure 3½" x 3½".
|Trim HST to...|
|9"||3-½" x 3-½"|
|13-½"||5" x 5"|
|18"||6-½" x 6-½"|
Below are the HST through the stages: Left cut apart on the drawn line, middle pressed and right trimmed to size.
Rail Fence units
With RST stitch a #3 BAC to a #4 dark along the long side.
I find I get a more accurate stripset by pressing after each strip is added. (It's easier, too!)
Here you can see how flat everything is while adding the third strip (#3).
Measure your stripset to make sure it's the correct width using the chart below.
|Stripset Width|| Subcut|
Straighten a short end with your rotary cutter and ruler.
Subcut the stripset into four square patches and one rectangular one using the measurements from the chart.
Save the narrow subcut for the next step.
With RST stitch a dark #5 to a BAC #6 along the long edge. Press.
Stitch a #5 to the #6 on the opposite side.
Use the chart below to subcut this strip set into two units.
This is what you've got after straightening the edge and subcutting.
Arrange the patches with the leftover rectangle (below, middle) from the previous section.
With RST, stitch one #5/#6/#5 to both sides of the #3/#4/#3 from the previous step. Press after the addition of each unit.
If you find your nine patch is a bit lumpy, use this simple pressing technique to squash it into submission.
Arrange the units into rows; remember the Rail Fence units point into and out of the center.
Sew the units into rows.
Press the SA toward the Rail Fence units. Your seams will nest when you sew the rows together. That makes matching them so much easier.
Press these final two seams out from the center.
Here is your finished Path and Stiles quilt block.
And here it is from the back side.
If you choose to set your blocks in an edge-to-edge setting with no sashing, all the seams will nest. If you find a block that doesn't, simply rotate it a quarter turn.
It doesn't get any easier than that!
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