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How to calculate quilt borders


My quilt measures 56x61 inches and the fabric I want to use as a border measures 44x37 inches.


How wide do I make the border strips?

And how do I figure this?

Thanks!

Reply

All of the borders will need to be pieced because your border fabric is shorter than either the length or width of your quilt top.

The calculations are based of these assumptions:

  • The usable width of fabric (WOF) is 42" (44" minus the selvedges and 1" for seam allowances). If your width varies from this assumption, plug in the new WOF in the math below.

  • You have 37 usable inches of a 44" wide fabric. The strips will be cut on the crosswise grain (from selvedge to selvedge).

  • Binding will be cut from a contrasting or coordinating fabric.

  • Long horizontal border strips are used as shown in the image at the top of this page.

The Calculations

Step 1: Determine how many inches of continuous border strip is needed

Add up the lengths of all the sides

56 + 61 + 56 + 61

equals

234 inches

Don't forget to add the lengths needed for the corners, so add the unknown length in now to get

234 inches plus 4 times the width of the border strip

This might look a bit complicated because we're working with an 'unknown' number, but it's just math. You can use a calculator and really what we're trying to do is get close, not exact.


Step 2: Try a strip width

Let's start with a strip width of 5". From a length of 37" you can cut seven 5" strips with 2 inches left over for your scrap basket.

37" divided by 5"

Equals

7 full strips


Step 3: Calculate how many continuous inches of border strip this makes

7 strips times 42" of usable WOF

Equals

294 inches



Step 4: Evaluate

Use this information to evaluate our equation from Step 1 above.

234" plus (4 x width of the border strip)

equals

234" + (4 x 5")

equals

234" + 20"

equals

254" of a continuous border strip needed


Compare this to 294" or the amount of continous border strip created from 7 strips.

The 294" of continuous strip created is greater than 254" needed. You have enough yardage if you cut 7 strips 5 inches wide from your border fabric.

Hmmm...

Can you cut your strips 5-1/2" wide and have enough?

Just run through the calculations again substituting 5-1/2" for 5".

With a 5-1/2" border the continous border strip needs to be 256 inches (234" + (4 x 5-1/2").

Six 5-1/2" strips can be cut from the border fabric (37" divided by 5-1/2" rounded down to the nearest whole number)

Which makes a 252" continous border strip (6 times 42" usable WOF), clearly not enough for 256 inch piece needed.

I can't stress this enough...

Be sure that the fabric you'll cut the strips from is square. If it was cut wonky from the bolt you may not have the full, usable 37" width. Without that, you might not be able to cut the necessary number of strips.

And as always, double check the math. It's so easy to make a simple mistake. Easier to correct the numbers, then cut the fabric wrong and have to find a new border fabric.

Thank you for your question.

Piecefully,

Julie Baird
Editor

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